by Konstantin Chaykin
Watchmakers include a tourbillon in their timepieces for a number of reasons – for the precise measurement of time (reflecting the original aim of its invention), for setting records for precision at chronology competitions, for demonstrating the skills of a watchmaker – since the tourbillon’s intricate, challenging design is by no means attainable for everyone, for the marketing of a watch brand, as a way to implement a mechanical kinematic wonder in a timepiece – a way to entertain its owner, for technical watches (for aviation or diving, for example), for jewellery and decorative watches… The only reason missing in our cosmic age is to create a tourbillon which could be used by conquerors of other planets. This has been resolved by Konstantin Chaykin with the first-ever Martian tourbillon in the history of watchmaking – the Martian Tourbillon Only Watch 2021 Piece Unique.
It has been 226 years since Abraham-Louis Breguet’s invention of the tourbillon in 1795. During this time, on the basis of this great master’s concept, a huge variety of designs of this magically attractive device of complicated watch mechanics have been developed, from the poor-man’s dollar tourbillon, Bahne Bonniksen’s karussel, and the flying tourbillon regulator by Robert Benson North, to modern-era tourbillons, with a built-in constant force escapement, double and triple axis tourbillons, double and triple tourbillons, and finally resonance tourbillons and stop-seconds tourbillons operated either at the owner’s request or automatically under the action of a mechanical algorithmic device (the honour of inventing the latter belonging to Konstantin Chaykin himself, implemented in his Shabbat Clock).
The new conceptual watch Martian Tourbillon Only Watch 2021 Piece Unique is a symbolic merger of three developments used by the Russian master in different periods of his creativity. First of all, true stainless bulat steel, first used in the Lunokhod watch and later in the Joker Selfie watch, created as a unique piece for the charity auction Only Watch 2019. Secondly, a joker-indication, invented by Chaykin in 2017 for his Joker watch and other models of the Wristmons collection. And thirdly, the Mars Time Program and watch mechanisms and functions invented by Konstantin Chaykin, designed for use in space travel and on Mars.
diameter 32mm, 8.85mm thick
world premiere Martian tourbillon rotating one Martian minute (approx. 61.65 seconds by Earth time); world premiere Joker-indication of Martian time with 12- hours subdial at 10 o’clock and 60-minutes subdial at 2 o’clock; world premiere combined indication of am/pm and day/night of Martian time; world premiere synchronous retrograde indication of Martian date and day of the week with half- month indicator
true bulat stainless steel (exclusively at Konstantin Chaykin Manufacture)
diameter 40mm; height 13.4mm
sapphire crystal with antireflective coating, sapphire caseback
finely hand-hammered frosted finish, fine circular and straight grinding, bevelled and polished edges, rhodium and ruthenium plating
exclusive Konstantin Chaykin orange alligator leather strap, prong buckle in true bulat stainless steel
The movement of The Martian Tourbillon Only Watch 2021 – the hand-wound Calibre K.22-0 – was developed from scratch. At its heart is a Martian tourbillon with an ‘alpha’ carriage design, used in all of Chaykin’s tourbillons. The uniquely-designed balance with two spokes and miniature regulating cam was created by the master and developed for a Martian frequency of 19800 semi- oscillations per hour according to Mars time, which equals 19270 semi-oscillations per hour in Earth time. The counting of Martian time in hours and minutes is accompanied by Konstantin Chaykin’s combined ‘am/pm’ and ‘day/night’ Martian time indicator invention.
Besides the true stainless bulat steel, the Martian Tourbillon watch and the Joker Selfie, created for the previous Only Watch auction, share another common detail – a carefully hand-decorated and engraved crown wheel core in the form of the face-like dial of the Joker watch.
For this watch, Konstantin Chaykin created a unique skeletonized dial with Joker-indication – the Joker- Martian face. The trademark smile of the Wristmons no longer tracks the phases of the Moon, instead indicating the date according to the Martian calendar, with months consisting of 28 sols. The date is marked using a hypothetical Martian system of calculation, which Konstantin Chaykin imagined for this watch. These same symbols are used for marking the scales of the Martian hours and minutes, with the hour and minute hands also made in the form of a Martian number ‘1’. You have to admit that old Breguet couldn’t have imagined that the only cosmic – Martian – version of his design would be created by a Russian watchmaker!
Konstantin Chaykin Manufacture Calibre K.22-0, hand-winding
37, including 2 in yellow gold chaton (1 screwed) and 1 in white gold chaton
19270 semi-oscillations per hour by earth time
48 hours when fully wound